Item 10: General William Holmes diary, 23 August 1914-22 February 1915 - Page 113

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Proclamation on behalf of His Majesty George the Fifth, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and of the Dominions Overseas, King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India.
By Colonel WILLIAM HOLMES, D.S.O.,V.D., Brigadier Commanding His Majesty's Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force.
WHEREAS  the Forces under my command have occupied the Island of New Britain;
AND  WHEREAS  upon such occupation the Authority of German Government, has ceased to exist therein.
AND  WHEREAS  it has become essential to provide for proper Government of the said Colony, and for the protection of the lives and property of the peaceful Inhabitants thereof.
Now, I, WILLIAM HOLMES, Companion of the Distinguished Service Order, Colonel in His Majesty's Forces, Brigadier Commanding the aforesaid Expeditionary Force, do hereby declare and proclaim as follows:-
(1)   From and after the date of these presents, the Island of New Britain and its Dependencies are  held by me in Military Occupation in the name of His Majesty the King.
(2)   War will be waged only against the armed Forces of the German Empire and its Allies in the present War.
(3)   The lives and private property of peaceful Inhabitants will be protected, and the laws and customs of the Colony will remain in force so far as it is consistent with the Military situation.
(4)   It the needs of the Troops demand it, private property may be requisitioned.   Such property will be paid for at its fair value.
(5)   Certain Officials of the late Government may be retained, if they so desire, at their usual salaries.
(6)   In return for such protection, it is the duty of all Inhabitants to behave in an absolutely peaceful manner, to carry on their ordinary pursuits so far as is possible, to take no part directly or indirectly in any hostilities, to abstain from communication with His Majesty's Enemies, and to render obedience to such orders as may be promulgated.
(7)   All male Inhabitants of European origin are required to take the oath of neutrality prescribed, at the Garrison Head Quarters; and all firearms, ammunition, and war material in the possession or control of Inhabitants are to be surrendered forthwith, as is also all public property of the late Government.
(8)   Non-compliance with the terms of this Proclamation, and disobedience of such orders as from time to time may be promulgated, will be dealt with according to Military Law.
(9)   It is hereby notified that this Proclamation takes effect in the whole Island of New Britain and its Dependencies from this date.

Given at Government House, RABAUL, this twelfth day of September, 1914.

Brigadier Commanding.

Brigade Major


Wireless telegraphy.
The capture of the Wireless Telegraphy station at Bitapaka put out of action the last of the four stations forming the German Pacific chain.   These stations were situated at Yap, Bitapaka, Naru, Samoa.
Yap was destroyed by H.M.A,S. Hampshire, Naru was put out of action by a landing party from H.M.A.S. Melbourne, Samoa was put out of action by the Germans, on the  landing of the New Zealand  Expedition at Apia.   The importance of these stations for the defence of the  German possessions in the Pacific was of no little value, and from a Government and commercial aspect a convenience, but not to the extent as to justify their existence.   The Bitapaka station was, on the outbreak of the war, in the early stages of construction and up to the time of its capture had been working on low power only.   There  appears to be little doubt that military considerations were the primary object of these stations, but the establishment of a chain  of High Power  Stations without sufficient military protection has proved, in the Pacific, a failure.   It might be regretted that sufficient time had not been given to our friends the enemy to provide a garrison at all these stations.   Great credit is reflected by the enterprising spirit exhibited in their establishment.

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