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[Page 199]

and not having provided wells in the back country they had to abandon their runs for the want of grass:  not the want of water.  But as I have no water frontage I went on sinking wells in central places so as to command a considerable area.  The flocks were stationed about 3 miles from the wells, and being watered only every second day they were able to feed out 2 or 3 miles farther.  In that way I managed to water about 10,000 at some of my best wells.  I have used various appliances to raise the water which is generally about from 80 to 100 feet below the surface.  I think the "whim" with rope and 2 buckets is perhaps the simplest and handiest method

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