Item 05: General William Holmes reports of operations and instructions for officers, 1914-1915 - Page 34
NAURU or PLEASANT ISLAND
A coral Island close to the Equator which is included in the Marshall Islands, and has a wireless station.
It is some 12 miles in circumference.
Population - White - in 1905 17 whites; the native population is small; in the whole of the Marshall Islands there are 15,000 natives
[Note in Margin] Mr. Whittle 1910 about 70 whites
Supplies and water - Scarce.
Climate - Hot and very damp and trying for Europeans owing to its heat and dampness.
Distances - Rabaul to Nauru - 750 miles air line.
Yap to Nauru - 1,500 miles.
Armed force - in the whole of the Marshall islands there are 39 native police under white command.