James Cook - A Journal of the proceedings of His Majesty's Bark Endeavour on a voyage round the world, by Lieutenant James Cook, Commander, commencing the 25th of May 1768 - 23 Oct. 1770 - Page 207
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[margin] Cooks Straits [/margin]
1770 February Wednesday 7th. In the pm had a light breeze at N [North] b [by] W [West] with which we got out of the Sound & stood over to the Eastward in order to get the Strait well open before the tide of Ebb. made at 7 the 2 Small Islands which lies off Cape Koamaroo or the SE head of Queen Charlottes Sound bore E.d diste 4 miles at this time we had it nearly Calm & the tide of Ebb making out were Carried by the Rapidity of the Stream in a very short time close upon one of the Islands where we narrowly escaped being dashed against the Rocks. by bringing the Ship to an Anchor in 75 faom. Water with 150 fa.om of Cable out, even this would not have saved us had not the Tide which first set SbEn. by meeting with the Island changed its direction to SEn. & carried us past the first point. when the Ship was brod, up she was about 2 Cable Lengths off the Rocks & in the Strength of the Stream which set SEn. at least 4 or 5 Knotts or Miles p Hour, a little before 12 O'Clock the Tide abated & we began to heave, by 3 the Anchor was at the bows & having a light breeze at NW. we made sail over for the Eastern Shore, but having the tide against us we made but little way, the Wind afterwards [?] & Came to N.
o & NE with which & the tide of Ebb we were in a short time hurried thro' the narrowest part of the Strait & then stood away for the Southermost land. we had in sight which bore from us SbW over this land appeared a prodidgious high Mountain the Summit of which was covred with Snow. The narrowest part of the Strait we have passed lies between Cape Koamaroo on Tovy-pocnammen & Cape Teerawhittes on Aehunomouwe the distance from the one to the other I judged to be between 4 & 5 Leage. & not withstanding the strength of the Tides now that is known there is no[?]seat danger in passing it, in the doing of which I am of the opinion that the NE Shore is the safest to keep upon, for upon that side there appeared no danger whereas on the other shore there are not only the Islands & Rocks lying off Cape Koamaroo for I discovered from the hill from which I had the Second View of the Strait a Reef of Rocks stretched from these Islands for 7 miles to the Southward & lay about 2 or 3 Miles off from the Shore. I shall not pretend here to assign limits to the length of this Strait a view of the Chart will but illustrate that, about N o. 9 Leage. from Cape Teerawhitte under the same shore is a high remarkable Island that may be directly seen from Queen Charlotte sound from which it lies NEbEn./2En. dist 6 or 7 Leag.e I have called it entry Isle & was taken Notice of when we first past it on Sunday 14 of last Month. on the East side of Cape Teerawhitte the Sand trends away SEbEn. about 8 Leage. where it ends in a Point & is the Southern.st Land on Aehunomouwe which I have named Cape Pallisser in Honour of my worth friend Capt. Pallisser Lat.de 41'. 34S o. Longe 158°.0' it bore from us this day at Noon S o. 79° En. dist.e 12 or 13 Leagues being then in the