James Cook - A Journal of the proceedings of His Majesty's Bark Endeavour on a voyage round the world, by Lieutenant James Cook, Commander, commencing the 25th of May 1768 - 23 Oct. 1770 - Page 334
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From New Guinea to BAtavia
Sept 1770 History of voyages these maps are bound up in, however we have now put this wholy not of dispute; but I believe it was known before tho' not publicly I claim no other merit than the clearing up of a doubtful point. another doubfull point I should have liked to have clear'd up altho' it is of very little if of any consequence which is, whether the natives of New Holland & those of New Guinea are or were original one people which one might well suppose as these 2 countrys lay so near to each other & the intermediate space fill'd up with islands, on the other hand if thee 2 people have or ever had any friendly communication with each other it seems strange as I have before observed that they should not have transplanted from New Guinea over to New Holland cocoa nutts, bread fruit, plaintains &tc. all very useful articles for the support of man, that we never saw grown in the latter & which we have now seen in the former La Maire, that given us a vocabulary of words spoken by the people of New Britain/which before Dampiers time was taken to be a part of New Guinea/by which it appears that the people of New Britain speak a very different language from those of New Holland , now should it be found that the natives of New Britain & those of New Guinea have had one origin & speak the same language. it will follow of course that the New Hollanders are a different people from both.
uesday 4th. Stood o the westward all this day having at first a mod.te breeze southerly which afterwards freshened & veered to SE & ESE. we kept in soundings all the time having from 14 to 30 fa.om. not regular but sometimes more & sometimes less at noon we were in 14 fa.om by observation in the latitude of 6:14So. Long.de 223°:57' W. Course & distance sail'd since yesterday noon So76'W. 120 miles.
Wednesday 6th. Winds at EbS & SEbE a fresh gale 7 clear wea.r with which we ran 118 miles upon a So.69°:15'W course which at noon bro.t us into the Lat.de