James Cook - A Journal of the proceedings of His Majesty's Bark Endeavour on a voyage round the world, by Lieutenant James Cook, Commander, commencing the 25th of May 1768 - 23 Oct. 1770 - Page 51
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Remarkable Occurrences & I.[Incidents] from Rio de Janeiro, Towards Terra del Fuego-
by the Evening Amplitude & an Azm.th. in the Morning to be 8º.30' East, & the Observ'd Latitude at Noon to be short of that given by the Log 10 Miles, Exercis'd the People at Great Guns to Small Arms.
Firstpart Gentle breezes & Clear remainder a steady Gale the wea.er. a little hazey Var.on. 8.23E.t.
First & latterp.t fresh breezes & Cloudy. Middle little wind with Thunder or Lightning & Rain the Caulkers employ'd Caulking the Ships Decks
The fistp.t. a fresh Gale & dark Cloudy wea.er.Remainder little wind & Clear a large swell from SW
Genteel breezes & Clear wea.er. Variation 9º.36' E.t.
Hazey with frequent Showers of Rain, all the Fore & Middlep.t. latter Clear wea.er. with a Gentle breeze of Wind
Firstp't light winds, remainder fresh breezes & Clear wea.er.Variation 11°. 3' E.t.
A steady fresh breeze & fair wea.er. at ½ past 5 PM Long.te. in Per Observ.on. of the Sun & Moon 43º.38'W.t. from Greenwich, Variation 11.3E.t the Observed Latitude exceeds that given by the log 7 Miles-
A fresh breeze of Wind & hazey Variat.on. 13.44E.tobserv'd Latitude exceeds that given by the log 11 Miles
Wind & wea.r. Variable saw several black sheer Waters sounded twice this 24 Hours but found no ground with 90 fa.om. the Observed Latitude ahead of the Log 16 Miles
Little wind the most past of this day Variation 15º.30'E.t. Bent a New Suit of Sails-
Light Airs & Clear wea.er. saw some Turtle upon the Water but could not catch any. sounded one ground with 200 fath.om. Variation 15.40E.t
Firstp.t. Calm remainder a Genteel breeze & fine Clear wea.r. this night had 2 Sets of Observ.on.of the Moon & the Star Aldebaran which gave the Long.de.49º.54'.15"W.t. the first
Sett gave 49º.55.19" & the Second 49º.53'.15".-
Fresh breezes & fine Clear wea.r.
A Fresh breeze of Wind & Cloudy wea.r.Passed by some Rock Weed. At Noon the Observed Lat.de. 26 Miles to the Sºward of the Log which I believe is chiefly owing to her being Generally steer'd to the Southward of her Course. Yesterday being Christmas Day the People were none of them Soberest.
Fresh Breezes & Hazey with Squalls which Obliged us during the Night to take in the small Sails. & 2 Reefs in the Topsails which was let out in the Morning- First-